When you touch the ground, it will be cool unless on a hot day when the ground will be warm. Same is not the story underground. If you start digging the ground, the underground surface will become hotter and softer. Fortunately, the hotter and softer surface is deep within. When the hot liquid bursts from the hard earth surface, it is known as the formation of the volcano. Most volcanic eruptions are extremely powerful and everything that comes in the path of the red hot lava.There are several famous volcanoes around the world.
Luckily, humans live far from the volcanoes, but there have been many cases of volcano eruption killing people. Some volcanoes erupt without any warning signs while some give minor explosions as a warning. After the warning, the evacuation process starts immediately.
There are many famous volcanoes in the world. Some are popular for its destructive nature while some have had enormously high eruptions and fortunately not too damaging. Some of these volcanoes even found at the famous town for vacations. Following is the list of famous volcanoes in the world irrespective of its present state, active or dormant in no particular order:
10 Famous volcanoes in the world:
Mount Vesuvius, Italy
The most famous volcano in the world till date is Mount Vesuvius. It is near Naples in Italy and had erupted around 2000 years ago leading to massive destruction. It was an enormous eruption without any warning.
Mount Vesuvius is the only volcano in the world that destroyed two cities. The ash rained down and destroyed the city of Pompeii, where the ash completely buried humans. The volcano ash was washed away by heavy rains to Herculaneum, and the dark ash destroyed this city as well. At present, it is turned into a national park attracting many tourists every year and is calmer than it was back 2000 years.
One of the top active famous volcanoes is Cotopaxi. It is one of the largest peaks in South America. Over 80 eruptions have been recorded, and it is still active at present. The first eruption was noticed in the year 1744 which led to immense destruction.
Mount Fuji, Japan
One among the most famous volcanoes in the world is Mount Fuji. It is highest peak and Tokyo, Japan. Irrespective of being an active volcano, it is one of the popular tourist attractions. It stands at the height of 3,700 meters, and the scenic view is so beautiful as it is surrounded by five lakes.
The last volcano erupted in the year 1708. During clear days, it is visible from Yokohama and Tokyo. Most people in Japan consider it as a sacred place and time and again portrayed in their artwork.
Another in the list that is famous for its destruction all over the world is Krakatoa (an island in Indonesia). It erupted with enormous explosions in the year 1883 causing too much damage. It ruined most of the isle.
The explosion caused the tsunami and more than 35,000 people drowned. It even created dust clouds that covered the island for many years.
Mount St. Helens Volcano, United States
It is one of the mountains in the Cascade Range in Washington, United States. The explorer George Vancouver names it after a British diplomat.
The volcano first erupted in the year 1980 and caused enormous wreckage. An earthquake was caused soon before the eruption leading to the largest landslide in the world. The outbreak killed more than 50 people and destroyed everything including infrastructure, forests, crops, etc.
Mount Pinatubo, Philippines
Pinatubo is one of the islands of Philippines. The volcano first erupted in the year 1991 and led to massive devastation. The eruption was recorded as the 2nd largest volcano of the 20th century.
Before the massive explosion, there were minor explosions that warned the people of the island. More than 50,000 people were evacuated before the main eruption, but it still killed 800 people.
It erupted in the year 2010, and the destruction was not as much as the other volcanoes. The reason why it is famous is that it is recent and situated in the mesmerizing country, Iceland.
It erupted in the year 2010, and the eruption lasted for a week. The ash cloud formed by the volcano covered most parts of Europe and affected millions of people as the planes were not allowed to fly over the region for months. The dangerous ash cloud could clog the engines and solidify moving parts of the airplane.
Mount Tambora, Indonesia
It is a mount on the island of Sumbawa, Indonesia. It first erupted in the year 1815 and was recorded as one of the largest volcanic eruptions. Before the main eruption, there were warning explosions as well.
Millions of people were killed by the eruption and tsunami caused by the explosion. People all over the world were affected by the bad weather due to the eruption.
Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii
One of the famous volcanoes of Hawaii is Kilauea and is also one of the famous tourist spots. Most of the mount is under the water, and its eruption causes tsunami certainly. It is the largest volcano in Hawaii and has affected people living nearby to a great extent.
The mount is surrounded by four volcanoes including Mount Loa, which is one among the largest active volcano in the world. The Kilauea National Park was created to safeguard Kilauea.
Mount Etna, Italy
It is the tallest active volcano in Europe and is the largest among the three volcanoes in Italy. Mount Etna is two times taller than the most destructive volcano, Mount Vesuvius. It is considered as a very active volcano because it has been exploding for thousands of years. It last erupted in the year 2014 and caused heavy air traffic.
One thing that wouldn’t have come to your mind, but Mount Etna has benefits for people living around. The volcanic soil is ideal for growing crops and also attracts a lot of tourists every year, thus increasing their business.
The list of famous volcanoes mentioned above is not limited. There are many other active volcanoes in the world as well including Mount Pelee, Rincon de la Vieja, Mount Mazama, Thera, Colima and much more. Times had changed from the time when Vesuvius erupted and people have learned a lot, but the fact is that no one can stop the eruption.